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Fauna & Flora

General information


 The richly structured landscape of the biosphere reserve with its variety of biotopes and habitats offers a high diversity of fauna and flora in favourable living conditions.


The diversity of inshore waters is of global relevance in Germany. Beavers (Castor fiber) and fish-otter (Lutra lutra) are spread throughout the whole protected area, and 16 of a total of 22 species of bats occurring in Germany live in the biosphere reserve Schorfheide-Chorin.




 The deep undisturbed forests host the bald eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla), lesser spotted eagle (Aquila pomarina) and the osprey (Pandion haliaetus) as breeding species. The high number of wet areas in these woodlands provides an ideal habitat for the black stork and the common crane. And nearly every village in the region still has its own breeding pair of white stork.

Several species of reptiles and amphibians occur in high numbers, all of them are threatened with extinction everywhere else in Germany. Highlights are the European adder (Vipera berus), the European swamp turtle (Emys orbicularis), the red-throated toad (Bombina bombina) and the tree frog (Hyla arborea).

Contingent on the richness of water many fish species occur in the protected area. Some of them are endangered species like the Whitefish and vendace, Burbot, loach and others.

More than 2,000 species of insects have been detected in the biosphere reserve, including 16 species which were so-called extinct or missing in Brandenburg.





More than 1,024 species of plants live in the protected area. So we host approximately 64% of Brandenburg’s occurring plant species. 301 species are on the Red List of Brandenburg, 145 species are part of the Red List of Germany. An object of special attention is the maintenance and conservation of sub continental dry meadows where some floral societies reach their western edge of geographical extension. Many, partly very rare species of plants are specialists and well adapted to the several types of bogs and mires. It is therefore imperative to maintain these habitats.



 Broad-leaved marsh Orchid